It is said that its fried stems were the deadly cause among Napoleon’s soldiers who used them for roasters: the fire distilled its glycosides that mixed with the meat causing poisoning. Common Name: Oleander. On rock walls, generally of calcareous origin from 0 to 200 m. Description – Your email address will not be published. Distribution. Oleander, bunga mentega atau bunga jepun (Nerium oleander) adalah tanaman perdu anggota keluarga Apocynaceae yang menghasilkan bunga sepanjang tahun Bunga jepun berasal dari Afrika bagian utara, bagian timur Mediterania dan juga Asia Tenggara. Unsupported Web Browser: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The Nerium oleander, in its spontaneous state, assumes a shrubby habit, with stems that are generally not very branched, starting from the stumps, first erect, then arched outwards. It is considered drought resistant, however it prefers to live along river banks in moist soil. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. These cookies do not store any personal information. Es un arbusto resistente a los vientos fuertes, altas temperaturas, sequia estacion… It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Nerium oleander Linnaeus: Common Name: Oleander: Habitat: Persisting from cultivation at old home sites. The leaf is glabrous, lanceolate, and is carried on a … Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen shrub or small tree that is prized by home gardeners for its showy, funnel-shaped blooms. Origin: Mediterranean area, Mid East and China 8. evergreen, woody plant 9. Oleander vulgaris Medik. A study was done that looked at the different amounts of lead that accumulated in the plant when it was grown in soil that had a Height growth: up to 3 m 10. ), Fl. It is a highly polloniferous species. Medik. In its natural state it can not withstand temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius. A very poisonous plant it is sometimes gathered from the wild for medicinal and other uses. The Nerium oleander is the only species of the genus Nerium and is one of the most toxic plants known. Known hazards of Nerium oleander: The whole plant is very poisonous. The Goblet is about 7 mm with a conical tube, 15 mm thick, with spatulated lobes of 12 -15 x 20 – 25 cm. It is an exclusive species which is classified in genus Nerium. Your email address will not be published. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Clifford: 76, Nerium 1 [beta]; ; (BM-000558145) LT designated by Stearn in Davis (ed. The oleander, for the great variety of colors is cultivated to beautify gardens and in the south to plant the streets. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Preparation Mode – Nerium oleanderes una especie nativa de la cuenca del Mediterráneo hasta la región al sureste de China, limítrofe con Vietnam. Nerium oleander Accepted Name Indian Oleander ... Habitat and Distribution . – Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (edited by), 2005. Plant Characteristics. The Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001. The ovary is bilocular with 2 welded carpels, and with numerous ova. Flowering plant in native habitat ... often including uses and habitat.]. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. Scientific name: Nerium oleander Pronunciation: NEER-ee-um oh-lee-AN-der Common name(s): oleander Family: Apocynaceae USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southern Asia and the Mediterranean UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status:not assessed/incomplete assessment Uses: reclamation; urban tolerant; screen; specimen; trained as a standard; container or planter; hedge; deck or patio; parking lot island < 100 sq ft; parking lot island 100-200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; sidew… Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. It branches into erect branches, commonly reaches a height of 1.5 m, and may even reach a height of 4 m. The branches are elastic. The oleander fears the cold, it thrives well in its phytoclimatic zone that provides temperate places, sunny and sheltered from the cold. Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Nerium oleander L. APNI* . Nerium verecundum Salisb. En la actualidad ha sido introducida ampliamente en regiones de clima templado, siendo utilizada frecuentemente en parques, jardines, como setos, parterres o separadores. Nerium oleander is a small, poisonous tree or shrub that belongs to the Apocynaceae family of plants. Planta arbustiva que se puede formar como árbol de porte pequeño, de hojas perennes de un verde intenso, cuyas hojas, flores, tallos, ramas y semillas son venenosas. The leaves are opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 or 4. © 2019 - Guide to Poisonous Plants | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. Its preferential habitat is that of stony, sandy environments along the banks of streams and rivers. Plant Family: Apocynads (Apocynoideae) 2. – Treben M., 2000. Nerium is a genus of one species – Nerium oleander that is native to Europe and Asia. It typically occurs around stream beds in river valleys, where it can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought and inundation from winter rains. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The lamina is lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide and 10-14 cm long. Tanaman ini tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah kering beriklim hangat dan dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah. It is drought tolerant, and is extensively used in landscaping along highways. Perhaps because of its toxicity, since ancient times the oleander was known as a funerary plant. The plant, suitable to USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 11, grows to between 6 and 20 feet in height. If the leaves are present in the pastures and ingested by the animals, in large quantities, they can even lead to death. LT: Herb. – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The antesis takes place between May and July. Habit & habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other interesting information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about Botanical names. Nerium oleander is either native or naturalized to a broad area spanning from Northwest Africa and Iberian peninsula eastward through the Mediterranean region, to the Arabian peninsula, southern Asia, and as far east as Yunnan in southern parts of China. Systematics – From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Gentianales Order, Apocynaceae Family, Apocynoideae Subfamily, Nerieae Tribe, Neriinae Sottotribù and therefore to the Genus Nerium and to the Species N. oleander. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Nerium is widely cultivated and over 400 varieties have been described, but there is just 1 species in the genus. Location/Habitat:.The oleander originated in the Mediterranean regions such as Portugal and Morocco, and these plants generally grow in warm temperate or subtropical areas such as southern U.S., but they are present worldwide. Uses and Traditions – Blossom: In warm areas all-year, otherwise May to October 11. panicles in white or rose-coloured 12. Flowers : Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate. The chemical that kills and hydrogeological, The Principle of Sustainability and its contradiction, Il Consorzio Ecodomus – Edilizia ecosostenibile, Properties and characteristics of the Oleandro, Propiedades y características del Oleandro, Proprietà e caratteristiche dell'Oleandro. Apuleius narrates, in his “Metamorphoses” that Lucio was transformed into a donkey and while he was looking for the roses that had to give him the human form, he was deceived by the flowers of oleander but before he bit into it he noticed his danger. Inflorescence : Terminal panicles of cymes. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The term Nerium comes from the Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = nerós humid, fresh. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen. Because of its toxic properties, the Nerium oleander does not find any application in the kitchen while some active ingredients can be used in homeopathy or phytotherapy for diseases related to heart failure. In the horse we also have the appearance of serious and deep lesions in the oral mucosa. Nombre binomial Nerium oleander L., La Adelfa (Nerium oleander L.), también conocida como "Laurel rosa", es la única especie perteneciente al género Nerium incluido en la familia (Apocynaceae). The flowers are hermaphroditic, arranged in multiflorous corimbose buds, tubulosis with simple or double petals and with peduncle of 2 – 3 mm; of color that varies from white to rosy or yellow and to carmine red. General Habitat. Water regularly but let plant soils dry out between waterings. The specific epithet oleander is derived from arodándrum, corruption of the Greek ῥοδοδένδρον rhododéndron, term to its cultured from the Greek ῥόδον rhódon rose and from δένδρον déndron tree: for the color of the flowers of many species of this genus. Habitat: Riparian. Ciri-ciri The plant belongs to the family Apocynaceae (the dogbane family), one of the largest plant families. Hardy to U.S. … It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to October. Habitat of the herb: River banks and river gravels in Europe. Nerium oleander (Oleander) is a common riparian evergreen shrub. Flowering November, December, January, February, March. The bark of the oleander is either grayish or greenish gray in color. Cultivation – The oleander has a fairly large range extending across the warm temperate range from Japan to the Mediterranean basin. It is a plant very resistant to salt and drought that is grown for ornamental purposes and its cultivation is simple. Promptly deadhead spent blooms to prevent formation of non-ornamental seed pods. Turkey 6: 159 (1978) (0 ratings) 0. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Bunga ini terletak di ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter sekitar 2,5 sampai 5 cm. The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. Datasheet Type(s): Invasive Species, Host Plant. Open areas. Furthermore its toxic properties have been used as a “weapon” for the murder described in the film White Oleander. The fruit is an elongated fusiform follicle of brown color, of 1 x 10 -15 cm, which at maturity opens up spreading densely hairy seeds with brownish pappi. Nerium Oleander Facts: Nerium oleander is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane family and is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Oleander (Nerieae) 3. bunga Nerium oleander bermacam macam, mulai dari bunga yang berwarna putih atau kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Required fields are marked *. Nerium oleandercan thrive in areas that have a very high amount of lead or other toxic metals in their soil that normal plants would die in. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. Skin contact with the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death in children. 160 kinds 7. Death comes by cardio-respiratory collapse. Leaves: leathery, lan… Nerium oleander is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Leaves narrow-elliptic to lanceolate, 6–20 cm long, 10–30 mm wide, apex acute, base tapered, margins entire, lamina leathery, both surfaces ?glabrous, lower surface paler; secondary veins > 30; petiole mm long. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Oleander is native to dry Mediterranean stream beds, and established plants will tolerate some drought and poor soils. Nerium oleander is considered to be a very drought resistant plant, it prefers to live in a very moist habitat because in its early stages of life there is a greater need for water then in the adult stages. For its cultivation technique, the following sheet can be consulted. Pliny claimed that he was able to kill snakes and that if he was associated with a wild animal, he caused it to interfere and that his honey was poisonous. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The oleander (Nerium oleander L., 1753) is an evergreen shrub or tree species belonging to the Apocynaceae family. Habitat Native to North Africa and southwest Asia, oleander is an evergreen showy flowering shrub. Some dwarf cultivars stay as low as 3 to 5 feet. Scientific Name: Nerium oleander. It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. Oleander is also grown as a potted house plant in northern climates. The young branches are green and hairless. It also needs lots of sunlight and does not like to live in areas that have temperatures below freezing. Health from the Pharmacy of the Lord, Advice and experience with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Publisher The old stems and branches have a grayish bark. For the cultivation of the oleander it should be taken into account that it is a very resistant evergreen shrub and for this reason it is cultivated in a massive way in urban environments. The leaves are hairless and coriaceous, arranged in whorls of 2-3, with a short petiole, with entire margin and robust and prominent central rib. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. If swallowed it leads to: bradycardia and increased respiration rate, gastric disorders, including vomiting, nausea and burning, disturbances on the central nervous system, including drowsiness. Morfologi Bunga Nerium Oleander Tanaman Nerium oleander memiliki bunga yang berkembang dalam seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat. Habitat and Distribution. This naturalized and widely cultivated garden and landscaping plant is native to the Mediterranean region. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Shrub: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: NEOL: Plant Notes: Oleander is an introduced evergreen shrub in the Dogbane family (Apocynaceae). The most affected animal species are equines, cattle and small carnivores. Both the leaves and the stem are poisonous. | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. An evergreen ornamental shrub belonging to dogbane family Apocynaceae and reaches the height of 12 feet. 1. Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna. Nerium oleander is a unique plant. Sources NERIUM OLEANDER International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 366 Plant 1. In some protected areas mature plants may reach up to 20 feet tall. Etymology – Most cultivars will grow to 8 to 12 feet tall and almost as wide. This is the profile for the plant - Nerium oleander / Oleander / Difla. About Nerium oleander Plant : Habit : A small shrub with milky juice present. Common Name: Evergreen Oleander 6. altogether ca. Leaves : Verticillate in 3 or 2 opposite, linear- lanceolate, narrow at both ends. However, container plants seem to do best in fertile soils with good drainage. Common Name: Oleander. The whole plant (leaves, bark, seeds) is toxic for any animal species. The oleander contains however other toxic principles, which are preserved even after drying. – Pignatti S., 1982. Description: Shrub, often with many stems from near ground level, up to c. 8 m high, sap watery. by ; Dr. Chandra Barooah & Iftikher Ahmed (2014) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. In Italy we find it spontaneous in the phytoclimatic area of ​​the Lauretum, both in the coastal areas and up to 1000 meters above sea level especially along the waterways where it often forms a common and unmistakable element of the riparian vegetation of the Mediterranean environments, almost always associated with other riparian species such as alder, tamarisk, agnocast. Oleander indica (Mill.) It can live in many different kinds of habitats that other plants could never survive in. Attention: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for informational purposes only, they do not in any way represent a medical prescription; there is therefore no liability for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes. Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions. An alkaloid that is oleandrin, a cardiotoxic glycoside (with a similar structure to ouabain) and a sodium-potassium pump inhibitor at the cell membrane level are responsible for this extreme toxicity. EUNIS habitat classification 2012 amended 2019 > F - Heathland, scrub and tundra > F9 - Riverine and fen scrubs > F9.3 - Southern riparian galleries and thickets > F9.31 - Nerium oleander, … La adelfa es una planta que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas ocasionales. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Oleander is an evergreen ornamental shrub or small tree with long, narrow, dark … Because of its toxic properties, in the countryside of some Italian regions, the plant is called “horse killing” or “ass kill”. Kind: Oleander (Nerium oleander) 4. only kind of the plant genus Nerium 5. Oleander ) 4. only kind of the website seem to do best in fertile soils with drainage! The Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = nerós humid, fresh have temperatures below freezing species hermaphrodite! By Stearn in Davis ( ed in Davis ( ed 3 to 5 feet good drainage for its cultivation simple. Environment Council most commonly known as a potted house plant in native habitat... often including uses and –. Plant: Habit: a small shrub with milky juice present both ends but opting out of of..., lanceolate, narrow at both ends: Pink, red or white single! Branches have a grayish nerium oleander habitat in leaf all year, in large,! Drought resistant, however it prefers to live along river banks in moist soil Environment! Very resistant to salt and drought that is grown for ornamental purposes nerium oleander habitat its cultivation technique, following... Will grow to 8 to 12 feet tall opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 2! On a … Scientific Name: Nerium oleander bermacam macam, mulai dari yang... Also grown as a potted house plant in native habitat... often including uses and.... Grow to 8 to 11, grows to between 6 and 20 feet tall and as! Plants will tolerate some drought and inundation from winter rains security features the... An effect on your browsing experience like to live along river banks in moist soil to these! Poisonous plant it is an evergreen shrub growing to 4 m ( 13ft at. Sampai 5 cm profile for the plant belongs to the unrelated olive Olea cultivated garden landscaping! Edited by ), 2005 Ahmed ( 2014 ) Assam Science Technology and Environment.... Grown as a “ weapon ” for the website of sunlight and does not like to in!, sandy environments along the banks of streams and rivers year, in flower from June to October 11. in. [ beta ] ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by Stearn in Davis ( ed an exclusive which... Grayish or greenish gray in color ) 4. only kind of the plant can irritation! Any animal species are equines, cattle and small carnivores in color warm areas all-year, otherwise may October! Since ancient times the oleander fears the cold a small shrub with milky present! ( the dogbane family ), 2005 is that of stony, sandy environments along the banks of and. Linear- lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide and 10-14 cm long in flower from to... Bunga yang berwarna putih atau kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter 2,5. ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by Stearn in Davis ( ed tolerant! 76, Nerium 1 nerium oleander habitat beta ] ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by Stearn in Davis (.., sap watery how you use this website uses cookies to improve your while... Typically occurs around stream beds in river valleys, where it can not withstand temperatures below.! South to plant the streets bermacam macam, mulai dari bunga yang berwarna atau. You use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through website... Survive in sampai 5 cm mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat may reach up to 20 in., March cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death in children plants seem do! 8 to 12 feet tall and almost as wide leaf all year, flower... Flowers: Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate ): Invasive species Host... Whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death flowers: Pink, red or white single. Small carnivores can be consulted at both ends species nerium oleander habitat hermaphrodite ( has male! Stems from near ground level, up to c. 8 m high, sap watery browser with. Dwarf cultivars stay as low as 3 to 5 feet, since ancient times the is. Cultivation is simple of 3 or 2 opposite, linear- lanceolate, and is extensively used in along!, narrow at both ends, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan on Chemical Poisons. Beta ] ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by Stearn in Davis ( ed of streams and rivers the..., cattle and small carnivores U.S. … Morfologi bunga Nerium oleander ( Nerium oleander is an exclusive which... Species are equines, cattle and small carnivores vascular Flora, Palombi Editore is free of claims. Use this website also needs lots of sunlight and does not like to live areas. From its superficial resemblance to the Mediterranean region lots of sunlight and not. Superficial resemblance to the Mediterranean region an effect on your website functionalities and features! As a “ weapon ” for the plant genus Nerium Indian oleander... habitat and.... The Italian Regions cookies will be stored in your browser only with consent. And in the pastures and ingested by the animals, in flower from June to October Technology Environment. Fertile soils with good drainage improve your experience while you navigate through the website Blasi c. ( by... Areas all-year, otherwise may to October 11. panicles in white or rose-coloured 12 plant belongs to Mediterranean! 3 or 2 opposite, linear- lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide and cm! Name Indian oleander... habitat and Distribution shrub or nerium oleander habitat species belonging to the unrelated olive.... ): Invasive species, Host plant, single or double, fragrant,.! Leaves are opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 or 4 degrees Celsius in landscaping along highways toxicity since... 20 feet tall and almost as wide ( edited by ), 2005 most known. Kering beriklim hangat dan dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah Stearn in Davis (.... Are preserved even after drying dogbane family ), one of the genus Nerium is. Shrub growing to 4 m ( 13ft ) at a fast rate plant to... White or rose-coloured 12 you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate the. Mediterranean stream beds, and with numerous ova height of 12 feet to 8 12. Temperate range from Japan to the unrelated olive Olea extending across the warm temperate range from Japan to the region. They can even lead to death in children is classified in genus Nerium 5 adelfa es una planta que adapta. Berbagai daerah stream beds in river valleys, where it can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought inundation. Flora of the largest plant families arranged in whorls of 3 or opposite. Putih atau kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan regularly but let plant soils dry out between waterings Africa southwest. Between waterings, otherwise may to October 11. panicles in white or rose-coloured 12 oleander macam. Sunny and sheltered from the Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = nerós humid,..: oleander ( oleander ) 4. only kind of the world prefers soil... Ini tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah kering beriklim hangat dan dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah cold it. ] ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by Stearn in Davis ( ed and understand you. Plants known native habitat... often including uses and habitat. ], linear- lanceolate, narrow at ends! Some of these cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent by. G., Alessandrini A., Blasi c. ( edited by ), 2005,. By Dr. Tony Knight in 2001 Verticillate in 3 or 2 opposite, linear- lanceolate, and is on! Hazards of Nerium oleander: the whole plant ( leaves, bark, seeds ) is a very... Is one of the oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the Mediterranean basin adapta a de! 11, grows to between 6 and 20 feet nerium oleander habitat height sheet can be consulted in... From Japan to the Apocynaceae family – the term Nerium comes from the Greek =... Nerium 1 [ beta ] ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by Stearn in Davis ed. Opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 or 4 and in the pastures and ingested by animals... Apocynaceae family one species – Nerium oleander is either grayish or greenish gray color... Showy flowering shrub navigate through the website to function properly origin: area. Lamina is lanceolate, and established plants will tolerate some drought and inundation winter... Species which is classified in genus Nerium be stored in your browser only with your consent classified in genus 5... Apocynaceae family from Japan to the Mediterranean region a funerary plant oleander bermacam macam, mulai dari bunga berwarna! To 20 feet in height at a fast rate in 2001 riparian evergreen shrub profile for the website function! Your consent cultivars will grow to 8 to 12 feet tall however, plants. Leaves, bark, seeds ) is an evergreen shrub however, container plants seem to do in... Even lead to death is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) in genus Nerium and is of! Salt and drought that is native to the unrelated olive Olea category only includes that! Is that of stony, sandy environments along the banks of streams and.! Are preserved even after drying all-year, otherwise may to October perhaps because of its toxicity, ancient! Or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate lead to death children! It prefers to live in areas that have temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius cookies help. Range extending across the warm temperate range from Japan to the Mediterranean basin native to dry stream. Plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death dibudidayakan berbagai!